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China Accounting - Brief Introduction on Export Business

China Accounting
Brief Introduction on Export Business

  1. Characteristics of export business

    (1)
    Characteristics of export business

    Export business is vulnerable to changes in the international environment, which is complex and unstable. Foreign trade involves a wide range of areas as well as many intermediate links. Generally, foreign trade easily faces risks like exchange rate, credit and bad debts. Which are much higher than domestic trade.

    In addition to the both parties of transaction, export business also involves coorperations with shipping company, insurance company, banks, commodity inspection & quarantine authorities and customs.

    (2)
    Characteristics of clients

    Overseas clients are from various countries, and some of them are not well-known enterprises of large scale, so it is difficult to evaluate the comprehensive situation of the clients.

    (3)
    Characteristics of accounting

    The recognition standard of sales revenue for export business is different from domestic sales, the supporting documents are also different in terms of bookkeeping time, sales amount and sales recognition for various transaction methods. Furthermore, the exchange gains and losses arises from exchange rate fluctuation will have a certain impact on the total profit of export enterprises as well.

    (4)
    Characteristics of taxation

    Export tax rebate is an international common practice. It aims to encourage the export of domestic products to enter the international market with price free of tax, and enhance the competitiveness of products.

    The export tax rebate methods and rates in China are made with accordance to the nature of exporting enterprises and goods.

  2. Settlement methods

    (1)
    Telegraphic transfer

    There are 2 kinds of telegraphic transfer. One is before TT, it refers to when the buyer shall make full payment before the seller deliver the goods. The seller would undertake no risk under this payment method; The other is post TT, the buyer pays deposit in advance and the balance shall be settled after the goods delivered.

    (2)
    Bill for collection

    It refers to when the exporter draws a bill of exchange on the importer and entrusts the exporterís bank to collect payment through its branch or agent bank abroad, including DP and DA.

    (3)
    Letter of credit

    It refers to written documents issued by a bank to the exporter upon the request of the importer, guranteering the obligation to make payment for the goods under the L/C. Under this method, the bank authorizes the exporter to draw on the bank or its nominated banks for the stipulated amount and collect payment at the designated place with shipping documents.

  3. Common transaction methods

    Term


    Place of delivery


    Time of risk transfer


    Export declaration responsibility/ Payer of expense


    Import declaration responsibility/ Payer of expense


    Applicable mode of transport


    FOB


    Port of shipment


    After shipment


    Seller


    Buyer


    Water transport


    CIF


    Port of shipment


    After shipment


    Seller


    Buyer


    Water transport


    EXW


    Place of origin


    After buyer disposes the goods


    Buyer


    Buyer


    Any transport method


    DDP


    Country of importer


    After buyer receives the goods at the designated place


    Seller


    Seller


    Any transport method


    LDP


    Warehous designated by the seller


    After buyer receives the goods at the designated place. Mainly used for textile export and buyer has greater responsibility.


    Seller


    Seller


    Any transport method



KAIZEN Group is equipped with experienced and highly qualified professional consultants and is therefore well positioned to provide professional advices and services in respect of the formation and registration of company, application for various business licences and permits, company compliance, tax planning, audit and accounting in China. Please call and talk to our professional consultants for details.


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